The history of the Surpil furniture is inseparable from a French inventor - Julien-Henri Porché who looks in 1927 into designing an entirely new metal furniture for public spaces: restaurants, cafes and public areas. The designer marks the creation of the French era by building models both functional and esthetic when other manufacturers offer models less refined. Julien-Henri Porché focuses on the problem of stacking furniture, which is indispensable for this type of furniture, which must be stored each evening for a minimum footprint.
If several industrial designers use initially stamped sheet metal for the manufacture of furniture manufactured in series for the group equipment, Julien-Henri Porché is the first to develop in France the use of steel tube in 1928.
However, the tube used is not yet the drawn tube but a tube formed by a strip of folded metal.
The "Surpil" models will be acclaimed by the creators of the time as evidenced by the publication in 1929 in the portfolio metal furniture, designed by architect Pierre Pinsard, a publication and the presentation at the Salon d'Automne on the stand of the creator Gabriel Jouvin.
Their presence in this book along furniture from Louis Sognot and Marcel Breuer is a sign of recognition of their importance in the history of European furniture. Robert Mallet-Stevens will use these chairs in several of his achievements including Café du Brésil. Surpil chairs have been installed in countless bars and restaurants in Paris, the Ministry of Marine, place de la Concorde and in the headquarters of the French Communist Party.